A hundred and fifty-five years ago, a brave soul by the name of Andres Bonifacio was born. Amid the chaos brought about by the Spanish colonisation, the Supremo resisted the abusive rule in the Philippines. Quite predictably, his heroic deeds brought immortality to his name in different forms — monuments, schools, and street names, among others.
In celebration of Bonifacio Day this 30 Nov., even travellers can reminisce how Bonifacio lived for the Philippines. From museum tours to purposeful staycations, here are seven ways we can remember the life of the father of the Philippine revolution.
1. Read a book in your hotel room
Unlike the private school sobresaliente Jose Rizal, Andres Bonifacio spent most his time getting education from books rather than teachers. In fact, history says Bonifacio buried his nose in a book during his every spare minute, developing a special love for European literature. Later, these books inspired him as he founded the KKK.
Recommended reads: Some of Bonifacio’s favourite books include Noli Me Tangere and El Filibusterismo by Jose Rizal, The Wandering Jew by Eugene Sue, Les Miserables by Hugo, History of the French Revolution, and The Bible. If you want to get to know the life details of our hero, check out Bonifacio the Revolutionist by Isabelo delos Reyes or Ang Himagsikang Filipino by Teodoro Kalaw.
2. Watch a Bonifacio film while on staycation
If you aren’t much of a bookworm and would rather chill in bed while watching a movie, there are a number of films that have depicted Bonifacio’s heroism as well. As these films are mostly independently produced, don’t expect to find them in Netflix. Before checking in your hotel, scout for these movies on DVD or online stores. It might take a bit more effort, but Bonifacio, (who, by the way, was also a theatre actor) will surely be proud of you.
Recommended films: Ang Paglilitis Ni Andres Bonifacio (2010), Supremo (2012), Bonifacio: Ang Unang Pangulo (2014)
3. Follow his footsteps in Tondo, Manila
Some historians contest that Bonifacio may not have really been born in Tondo. Still, it’s a fact that he was raised and lived most of his life in the district. While Tondo isn’t the most Instagram-worthy spot in the country, it will totally give you the right Bonifacio Day cheer.
You may start your walking tour in Tutuban Mall in CM Recto Avenue, the known birthplace of Bonifacio. There, you’ll see a monument of our hero. Walk to #72 Elcano Street and you’ll find the spot where Bonifacio, Teodoro Plata, Ladislao Diwa, Aurelio Tolentino and other companions established the Katipunan. The Kalayaan Newspaper, which helped recruit manpower for the Katipunan, was printed in Sevilla Street.
You shouldn’t miss the Binondo Church, either, where Bonifacio married Gregoria de Jesus in 1984. The two started a family in Zamora, Caloocan before moving to Rizal Avenue.
4. Eat Filipino dishes all day long
In her book Kasaysayan ng Kaluto ng Bayan, author Milagros S. Enriquez revealed Bonifacio’s favourite dish — “litsong manok sa saha.” In English, you can compare it to grilled chicken wrapped in banana and sampaloc leaves. Other sources say that Bonifacio also adored tinapang isda. Whatever the real deal is, eating local cuisines may just be among the best — not to mention, the yummiest — way to celebrate our heritage.
5. Support local souvenir shops
Let’s face it: not everyone can start a revolutionary society to take down abusive forces. But, everyone can do something to empower the country. In fact, travellers have a lot of opportunities to help out the economic growth of different places in the Philippines.
Bonifacio’s parents died when he was about 14 years old, so he took it to himself to financially support his younger siblings. Growing up, he tried out his luck in craft making, and he eventually started selling paper fans and canes to make a living. It may not be written in our history books, but every purchase must’ve helped Bonifacio and his family stay alive.
6. Visit museums exhibiting the Katipunan
During his time, Bonifacio brushed up on history. He admired Rizal’s works and studied the doctrine of Freemasonry. Nowadays, history isn’t only found in books — we also see it through ancient houses turned into museums. The red Katipunan flags waving outside the Museo ng Paglilitis ni Andres Bonifacio say it all: the past is present here. Aside from the five galleries that showcase the events in Bonifacio’s life and the Katipunan, the museum also employs audio-visual and electronic features for quick history lessons.
Aside from Museo ng Paglilitis ni Andres Bonifacio, Museo ng Katipunan also exhibits the history of the KKK. Here, you’ll find archival documents, artworks, and artifacts, among other things that remember the Katipunan.
For Makati residents, the Ayala Museum has also launched a virtual reality experience wherein guests can watch the stories of Bonifacio and Emilio Aguinaldo with 360 degrees goggles. With Ambeth Ocampo as the main consultant for this feature, this new VR expansion will surely open your minds to the life of the Supremo.
Other recommended sites: Cry of Pugad Lawin in Bahay Toro, Quezon City; Tejeros Convention in Rosario, Casa de Naic and Pinagbarilan Shrine in Cavite; and Pamitinan Cave in Rodriguez, Rizal.
7. Travel the Philippines responsibly
Although historians oppose the idea of Bonifacio as a poor indio sporting a camisa de chino and red shorts, everyone would agree that he was an obvious activist. He made himself aware of the current events of his motherland and defied the oppressive Spanish colonial administration. As the National Historical Commission of the Philippines put it, “Bonifacio actively responded to the call of the time to make a change.” And by travelling our country responsibly, we can surely do the same.